Breeding and migratory distribution of collared pratincole (Glareola pratincola) at Boğazkent, Southern Turkey



On migration seasons, both in spring and autumn, wetlands in southern Turkey play a significant role as a stopover and/or breeding areas for several bird species, especially water birds. Although a huge amount of bird species migrate on Turkey every season, there is unfortunately poor information about their migration. Collared pratincole (Glareola pratincola) is one of the important species, which use these areas as stopover or breeding. We monitored Collared pratincole between 2009 and 2011 both in migration and breeding seasons. Collared pratincole started to arrive second half of the April. The most part of the observed birds were passage birds, the average numbers 73 in April and 380 in May, which used the area as stopover for a few days. We found totally 10 nests and colony nested mostly on seasonal wetland, and less pairs chose semi-arid area and very few pairs on pasture. These results are very important to define the protection and sustainable use of areas, but more studies may help to understand the importance of our environment for sustainable protection.


Breeding, Collared pratincole, Glareola pratincola, Migration.

Full Text:



Bensaci E., Boutera N., Cherief A., Saheb M., Moali A., Houhamdi M. 2014. Breeding ecology studies of Collared pratincole (Glareola pratincola) in the central Hauts Plateaux of Algeria. Wader Study Group Bulletin, 121 (1): 43-48.

Bertolero A., Martinaz-Vilalta A. 1999. La di perdiu de mar Glareola pratincola al delta de I’Ebre: seguiment de la pablacio i biologia reproductora. Bulletin Parc Nature, 10: 14-19.

Calvo B. 1994. Effects of agricultural land use on the breeding of Collared pratincole (Glareola pratincola) in South-west Spain. Biological Conservation, 70: 77-83.

Calvo B., Alberto, L.J. 1990. Nest site selection of the Collared pratincole (Glareola pratincola) in the province of Sevilla, Spain. Wader Study Group Bulletin, 58: 13-15.

Cramp S., Simmons K.E.L. 1983. The birds of the western Palearctic, Volume 3. Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK. 480 p.

Del Hoyo J., Elliott A., Sargatal J. 1996. Handbook of the Birds of the World, Volume 3. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona, Spain. 520 p.

Goutner V. 1997. Use of the Drana Lagoon (Evros Delta, Greece) by threatened colonially nesting water birds and its possible restoration. Biological Conservation, 81: 113-120.

Hanane S., Boukhriss J., Selmi S. 2010. Breeding ecology of Collared pratincoles (Glareola pratincola) in two coastal habitats in northwest Morocco. Bird Study, 57: 236-243.

Karaardıç H., Özkan L. 2013. Breeding ecology of Great short-toed lark (Calandrella brachydactyla) at Boğazkent, Antalya, Turkey. Zoology in the Middle East. 59 (1): 6-9.

Lebedeva E.A. 1998. Waders in agricultural habitats of European Russia. International Wader Studies, 10: 315-324.

Onmuş O., Sıkı M. 2011. Shorebirds in the Gediz Delta (İzmir, Turkey): breeding and wintering abundances, distributions and seasonal occurrences. Turkish Journal of Zoology, 35 (5): 615-629.

Özkan L., Karaardıç H., Erdoğan A. 2012. Breeding biology of Spur-winged lapwing (Vanellus spinosus L.) at Boğazkent, Antalya, Turkey. Fresenius Bulletin, 21 (11b): 3440-3442.

Vincent-Martin N. 2007. Statut de conservation de la Glareola a collier (Glareola pratincola) en Camargue: identification des facteurs limitant la reproduction. PhD thesis, Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes. 74 p.


  • There are currently no refbacks.